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0 Annihilationism Error: Hebrew Word Definition Charts


Question
What do the Hebrew and Greek words means in reference to the false doctrine of Annihilationism?

Answer
Some "teachers" are twisting, turning, and torturing many words in the Hebrew and Greek language and stating that they mean "total annihilation or nothingness" - "ceasing to even exist," as they relate to the Doctrine of Hell.

Regarding the Doctrine of Hell,
there are no words in the entire of Scripture that can be accurately
translated as "total absolute annihilation;" not one.
By: Dr. Joseph R. Nally, Jr., D.D., M.Div.

Throughout the Bible, Hebrew and Greek words interpreted as "destroy," "destruction," "perish," "kill," and "death," as they relate to Hell, never mean "to go into absolute nothingness or oblivion," but rather they mean "eternal" or "forever and ever" ongoing "everlasting" conscious "destruction" (Phil 3:19; 1 Thess 5:3; 2 Thess 1:9; 2:8; Rev 14:11; 20:10-15, et. ). The "gloom of utter darkness" (Jude 1:13; cf. 1:6) refers to being cut off entirely from God, who is "light" (John 1:9; 8:12; 1 Tim 6:16; Jas 1:17; 1 John 1:5; cf. Isa 9:2; John 3:20; Acts 26:18; 1 Thess 5:5). The word "gloom" in Jude 1:13 refers to "a state of depression or despondency." To be in a "state of depression" one must be alive! 

Words such as "cut off" (Exod 31:14-15; Lev 23:29-30; Rom 11:22, 24; Gal 5:12, etc.) also do not mean "absolute nothingness," as even Jesus was "cut off" (Dan 9:26) and is alive "forevermore" (Rev 1:18). Many times the word "cut off" simply means to be cut off from Israel, its congregation, etc., (Exod 12:15, 19; 30:33, 38; 31:14; Lev 7:20, 21, 25, 27; 17:4, 10, 14; 18:29; 19:8; 23:29; Num 19:13, etc.).

One of the most celebrated defenses of Annihilationism has been from Psalm 37:20, "the wicked...they vanish-like smoke they vanish away." Sounds convincing, right? However what is the Psalm really about? The Psalm itself is not even dealing with Hell; Psalm 37:20 refers to that the fact the success, fame, and prosperity of the wicked is as temporary as mere smoke. However, let's say we desire to apply the passage to Hell anyway - we shouldn't, but since Annihilationist's already have, let's review their case from their faulty perspective. Since "smoke" is an important theme here, we should ask the obvious question, "What is smoke?" Smoke is made of two basic things: (1) little drops of water and (2) ash. First, ash can't burn! Second, the reason smoke appears to vanish away is that, as the smoke rises: (1) the droplets of liquid water change states into gas and (2) the ash joins the dust in the atmosphere. Therefore, both elements in smoke still exist, but just in different states. Therefore, there is no total annihilation! 

As the reader will observe, in the Old Testament notes below there're many that refer to "physical destruction, not eternal destruction" (i.e."devoted to destruction," or "curse;" Deut 2:34; 3:6; Judg 21:11; cf. Gal 1:8-9). Please understand that in these notes, we're not saying that those who died did or did not go to Hell or Heaven (that's another topic), but simply the context of the verse is speaking of only "physical destruction," which carries with it the idea of stopping, scattering, putting to flight, and up to and including physical death, etc. Yet, some of the "spin doctors" of the false doctrine of Annihilationism desire to use these examples of "physical destruction" and apply it to "eternal destruction." However, unless otherwise revealed in Scripture, this is not a proper application; as the Bible speaks of two different types of bodies (one that is able to die; the other is not; 1 Cor 15:44, 53) and two different types of death (one temporal and one eternal; Matt 10:28). Besides, the physical body in this world is never totally annihilated anyway; it returns to the dust from which it came (Gen 2:7; Eccl 3:20; 12:7; Psa 103:14; Isa 40:15). In addition, if we follow the Annhilationist's interpretation as such to its logical conclusion, than the wicked can send the righteous to total annhilation (absolute non-existence); 'if they totally annihilate me, they totally annhilate mel' (Est 4:16, etc.) - which is ludicrous, as the righteous know that "to be absent from the body is to be present with the Lord" (2 Cor 5:8).


There are words however in Hebrew that may be translated as "annihilate." However, when regarding the Doctrine of Hell, even they do not mean "total absolute obliteration." As the reader will discover, a word may be translated in numerous ways depending upon its context. Hopefully, these charts will serve as an aid to help keep people from the "spin zone" of false teachers (Matt 7:15; Acts 20:28-30; 2 Tim 4:3-4; 2 Pet 2:1). 

The charts below are divided into three sections: (1) text; (2) translation; and (3) comments. 

Hebrew Charts
Hebrew word "machaq" = may mean annihilate, but in context:

Text
Translation

Comments
crushed
physical destruction, not eternal

Hebrew word "shasha" = may mean annihilate, but in context:

Text
Translation

Comments
drive
lead him about at his pleasure,
and bring him out of it

Hebrew word "abad" = may mean annihilate, but in context:



Text
Translation

Comments
is destroyed?
though under God's curse, Egypt still exited;
even when Pharaoh's army was drowned in
Red Sea, others remained in Egypt
I will destroy
regarding physical destruction, not eternal
But you will perish
reference to among the nations;
up to physical destruction (enemies, flight, sword, Lev 26:34-39),
not eternal
them, and they perished
reference to Sheol (grave); physical
destruction, not eternal
we are dying
regarding physical destruction, not eternal
dying
regarding physical destruction, not eternal
You are ruined
reference to Moab
is ruined
regarding physical destruction in cities, not eternal
And will destroy
regarding physical destruction (war in cities), not eternal
you, and destroy
reference destruction of figured stones
and destroy
reference destruction of metal images
that you will surely
regarding physical destruction, not eternal
perish
regarding physical destruction, not eternal
to destroy
regarding physical destruction, not eternal
themselves from you perish
reference to driving out enemies
perish
referencing to destroying another's name
that you will surely
regarding physical destruction, not eternal
perish
regarding physical destruction, not eternal
makes
regarding physical destruction, not eternal
to perish
regarding physical destruction, not eternal
them out and destroy
regarding destroying out enemies;
some in the enemies camp still lived (Rahab);
physical destruction, not eternal
destroyed
referring to the drowning of Pharaoh's
army in Red Sea; many still alive in Egypt;
physical destruction, not eternal
and you will perish
regarding physical destruction (no rain = famine), not eternal
You shall utterly
reference to the destruction of idols, high places;
but they still existed at least as dust or chunks of rock
destroy
reference to the destruction of idols, high places;
but they still existed at least as dust or chunks of rock;
just no longer useful for false worship
and obliterate
reference to the destruction of idols, high places;
but they still existed at least as dust or chunks of rock;
just no longer useful for false worship
he has lost
reference things that are lost
was a wandering
reference to wandering Aramean
you perish
regarding physical illness and possible death
("curses, confusion, and frustration,"
etc,; Deut 28:20-24), not eternal
you perish
regarding physical illness and possible
("disease,""fever," "inflammation," etc.;
Deut 28:20-24), not eternal
they have caused you to perish
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
you to make you perish
God destroyed some, not all;
he was addressing survivors through Moses
that you shall surely
regarding physical destruction, not eternal
perish
regarding physical destruction, not eternal
lacking
referring to void of understanding
to destroy
regarding physical destruction, not eternal
you perish
regarding physical destruction ("land"), not eternal
against you, and you will perish
regarding physical destruction ("land"), not eternal
perish
regarding physical victory over enemies
were lost
reference to lost donkeys and Saul's father;
they still existed, they were just lost (1 Sam 9:20)
which were lost
reference to lost donkeys which were found;
they never ceased to exist
perished!
reference to weapons of war disappeared from sight;
but not obliterated, etc.
shall perish
referencing the desertion of Ahab's line;
physical destruction, not eternal
hat he might destroy
reference the destruction of the worshippers
of Baal at certain time in history; there were
still other worshippers of Baal
and destroyed
referring to physical destruction, not eternal
had destroyed
referring to physical destruction, not eternal
So they have destroyed
referring to destruction of idols
had destroyed
referring to the high places destroyed by Hezekiah
to destroy
referring to physical destruction, not eternal
that they be destroyed
referring to physical destruction, not eternal
and to cause to perish
referring to physical destruction, not eternal
for the destruction
referring to physical destruction, not eternal
will perish
referring to physical destruction, not eternal
and that of a particular house, not all humanity
I perish
If I die a physical death, than I die a physical death
I perish
If I die a physical death, than I die a physical death
and to perish
referring to physical destruction, not eternal
to destroy
referencing the destruction of the Jews;
physical destruction, not eternal
and to annihilate
king's permission for Jews to defend
themselves; physical destruction, not eternal
and destroyed
referencing the destruction of some in Susa;
physical destruction, not eternal
and destroyed
referencing the destruction of some in Susa;
physical destruction, not eternal
to destroy
reference to Haman who plotted to kill the Jews
physical destruction, not eternal
them and destroy
reference to Haman who plotted to kill the Jews
physical destruction, not eternal
perish
reference the day disappearing
perished
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
they perish
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
perishes
reference to physical weakness or destruction,
not eternal
they perish
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
and perish
references to getting lost upon the
earth and perishing upon the earth
will perish
reference to the hope of the godless
And there will be no escape
reference to physical destruction
("breath their last"), not eternal
then destroys
reference to God bringing nation of
this earth to nothing
So you destroy
referencing the hope of man
of him perishes
referencing the memory of one perishing
He perishes
reference the exulting of the wicked
being sh)ort (Job 20:5)
of the one ready to perish
reference blessing of him who was about
to perish
had perished
reference old age was perished
anyone perish
references to perishing for lack of clothing
will perish
referring to eternal death forever and ever;
they shall not stand in the congregation
of the righteous (Psa 1:5)
and you perish
Kiss is an act of submission (cf. 1 Sam 10:1);
the hostile kings of the nations must submit
themselves not only to God, but also to the king
of Israel, his human representative; otherwise, God
will grant his people military victory over them
You destroy
referring to discipline up to and including
physical death; some liars will go
to Heaven other to Hell
and perish
referring to physical destruction, not eternal
You have destroyed
referring to physical destruction, not eternal
of them has perished
referring to the memory of the wicked perishing
perish
referring hope of the poor not perishing
have perished
referring to the wicked disappearing
from the land, by many secondary causes
you will destroy
referring to physical destruction, not eternal
like a broken
referring to being emotionally broken
exhausted, depressed, etc.
will perish
smoke appears to the eyes to disappear:
smoke is made of ash and drops of water;
ash cannot burn up; as smoke rises the water
evaporates and the ash mixes with the dust;
so ash and water continue to exist
in a different state (1 Cor 15:44, 53)
perish
referring to physical destruction, not eternal
perish
referring to physical destruction, not eternal
perish
wicked melt like wax; as the candle burns,
solid wax becomes liquid and then evaporates
to become a gas; the gaseous wax burns in
oxygen to produce water, carbon dioxide, heat,
and light; the candle also produces carbon,
in the form of the black soot on a spoon;
it is glowing soot that causes the candle
give out light; the small amount of wax on the
spoon is the unburnt gaseous wax which
has condensed on the cold spoon and turned
back into solid wax; so the wax still exists in;
its not totally annihilated
from you will perish
reference to eternal destruction;
forever and ever (Psa 73:18-22);
"far from you shall perish" = "far off"
(Luke 16:19-31; cf. Luke 15:11-32
- "far county")
They perish
Psa 80:15 we see that Israel, the vine,
is also God's son; Jesus the true Vine
is the true and unique Son, through whom
the relation of sonship is restored; the nation
typified by the vine, the Israel of God, is perishing;
perishing at the rebuke of God's countenance;
because his favour is withdrawn from them
them perish
referring to physical destruction, not eternal
(Psa 83:13-16)
will perish
reference to eternal destruction (Psa 92:7)
Even they will perish
referring to the earth getting old
will perish
referring to the desire of the wicked perishing
I would have perished
reference to both physical and
eternal destruction
for me to destroy
referring to physical destruction , not eternal
like a lost
reference to sin, but not total annihilation
because of it
me; There is no
reference to there being no natural
refuge for safety
And destroy
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
perish
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
will destroy
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
perishes
reference to the hope of the wicked
will perish
reference to the hope of the wicked
perishes
reference to the hope of wealth for the wicked
perish
a city is blessed by the righteous and overthrown by;
the unrighteous. The city rejoices when
the righteous rule and when the unrighteous
are removed from their wicked rule
will perish
reference liars will die;
physical destruction, not eternal
will perish
false witness will perish; physical destruction,
not eternal
themselves: but when they perish
reference physical destruction, not eternal
wastes
reference to wasting wealth
to him who is perishing
reference physical destruction, not eternal
to give up as lost
reference physical destruction, not eternal
were lost
reference loss of wealth in bad venture
corrupts
reference to the corruption of bribery
who perishes
reference to a righteous man dying
perished
reference physical destruction, not eternal
(Prov Eccl 9:5)
destroys
reference to sinners destroying much good
them, And You have wiped
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
and those who were perishing
reference to those perishing in Assyria
will perish
reference to wisdom of wise men perishing
So they have destroyed
reference to wicked idols
and will perish
reference to the plans of the wicked
perishes
reference to the righteous perishing
you will perish
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
to destroy
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
will fail
reference to courage failing
will perish
reference fathers, sons, neighbors,
friends perishing
has perished
reference to truth perishing
ruined
reference to the destruction of land
they will perish
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
and destroy
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
I will destroy
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
or to destroy
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
is not going to be lost
reference to the law not perishing
who are destroying
reference to leaders scattering sheep
Moreover, I will take
reference to the voice of gladness being taken away
will perish
reference to no refuge for the shepherds
you out and you will perish
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
you out and that you may perish
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
to destroy
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
would perish?
reference Judah perishing
I will surely destroy
reference physical destruction, not eternal
also will be ruined
reference physical destruction, not eternal
they have lost
reference to the perishing of riches
have perished
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
been lost
reference to counsel perishing
And destroy
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
lost
reference to lost sheep
they will perish
reference to idols
And He will make
reference to laying waste to Babylon
He has destroyed
reference to the destruction wall of
the daughter of Zion
has perished
reference to endurance perishing
on you, and I will destroy
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
will be lost
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
fails
reference to visions failing
was lost
reference to losing hope
destroying
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
and make you perish
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
and destroy
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
you have perished
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
And I have destroyed
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
I will also destroy
reference to idols>
I will also destroy
reference to destruction of beasts
for the lost
reference not helping the lost
the lost
reference to seeking the lost
has perished
reference to a loss of hope
is destroyed
reference to a lost harvet
will perish
reference to the remnant of the Philistines
will perish
reference to flight perishing
will also perish
reference to great wealth perishing
Destroy
reference to destroying the wise men out of Edom
of their destruction
reference to not gloating over other's misfortune
about us so that we will not perish
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
do not let us perish
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
so that we will not perish
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
and perished
reference to a perishing plant
perished
reference to counselor perishing
you And destroy
reference dusting chariots
has perished
reference to the godly perishing
And I will destroy
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
And destroy
reference destruction of Syria
will perish
reference king shall perishing from Gaza
Hebrew word "kalah" = may mean annihilate, but in context:
Text
Translation
Comments
were completed
referring to God's work of creation;
God is immanent, he is still at other work
therefore not the annihilation of all God's work
completed
referring to God's work of creation;
God is immanent, he is still at other work
therefore not the annihilation of all God's work
and finish
about Noah finishing his work
When He finished
referring to God talking; God talked again;
therefore not the annihilation of God talking
as he had finished
referring to God talking; God talked again;
therefore not the annihilation of God talking
was used up
referencing water, not people
he had finished
referring to Issac talking; he would talk again;
therefore not the annihilation of Issac speaking
Now when she had finished
referencing water, not people
they have finished
referencing water and camels, not people
had finished
referencing water and camels, not people
I had finished
referring to Issac speaking; he would talk again;
therefore not the annihilation of Issac talking
had finished
referencing Issac believing Jacob; Isaac
blesses Esau too (Gen 27:38-40);
therefore this is not the annihilation of blessings
will ravage
only "seven years of famine" (Gen 41:30, 53)
therefore not total annihilation
came to an end
referring to seven years of plenty
they had finished
referring to eating food, not people being annihilated
and ending
speaking of descent in order from oldest to youngest
finished
referring to Jacob talking to his sons;
don't we talk to others in Heaven
therefore this is not the annihilation of Jacob talking
Complete
referencing Israel completing their work; daily task
have you not
completed
referencing Israel completing their work; making bricks
When He had finished
referencing Moses talking; Moses talked again later;
therefore not annihilation of Moses talking
against them and that
I may destroy
referring to physical destruction, not eternal; God
blotted them out of the book of the physical
living (Exod 32:33); he sent a plague (Exod 32:35)
and to destroy
referring to physical destruction, not eternal; God
blotted them out of the book of the physical
living (Exod 32:33); he sent a plague (Exod 32:35)
destroy
[or consume]
referring to physical destruction, not eternal; God
blotted them out of the book of the physical
living (Exod 32:33); he sent a plague (Exod 32:35);
use of "consume" (Exod 32:10, 12; 33:3, 5)
I would destroy
[or consume]
referring to physical destruction, not eternal;
God blotted them out of the book of the physical
living (Exod 32:33); he sent a plague
(Exod 32:35); use of "consume"
(Exod 32:10, 12; 33:3, 5)
had finished
referring to Moses talking;
Moses talked again later; therefore nott
he annihilation of Moses talking
was completed
referring to a meeting; Israel had other
meetings; therefore not the annihilation
of all meetings
finished
referencing Moses finishing the work
of the tabernacle; Moses did other work;
therefore not the annihilation of Moses' work
When he finishes
referencing a holy day; there were other holy days;
therefore not the annihilation of all holy days
thou shalt not
wholly reap
referencing gleaning of crops; there would
be other crops to be gleaned; therefore not
the annihilation of all crops or gleaning
thou shalt not make
clean riddance
referencing gleaning of crops; there would
be other crops to be gleaned; therefore not
the annihilation of all crops or gleaning
that will waste away
referencing wasting disease
them as to destroy
the Lord will not abhor them so as to destroy
them utterly and break my covenant with them
have finished
referencing covering the sanctuary
had finished
referencing setting up the tabernacle
that I may consume
referencing physical destruction, not eternal;
earth open and swallowed them (Num 16:29-35)
As he finished
referencing Moses talking; Moses talked again;
therefore not the annihilation of Moses talking
that I may consume
referencing physical destruction, not eternal;
a plague that didn't consume all
(Num 16:46-49)
that you may put
an end
referencing the end of grumbling;
there was grumbling again;
therefore not the annihilation of grumbling
them, so that I did
not destroy [or consume]
referencing physical destruction, not eternal
to put an end
referencing clearing away nations
have finished
referencing officers talking to the people
the officers spoke again: therefore
not the annihilation of the officers talking
you have finished
referencing paying all the tithe the 3rd year;
Israel did this for decades;
therefore not the annihilation of of 3rd year tithes
He has consumed
referencing Gods' curse of consuming
the disobedient off the land
finished
referencing Moses writing the Book of the Law
on them; I will use
referencing Gods' curse up to
and including physical death
had finished
referring Moses talking; Moses talked again;
therefore not the annihilation of Moses talking
had finished
referencing physical destruction
("sword"), not eternal
had finished
referencing physical destruction ("great blow"),
not eternal
When they finished
referencing apportioning the land
So they finished
referencing apportioning the land
and consume
referencing physical destruction, not eternal
he had finished
referencing presenting the tribute
When he had finished
referencing Samson talking;
Samson talked again; therefore
this is not the annihilation of Samson talking
they have finished
referencing the finishing of harvest;
the harvest still existed; therefore
this is not the annihilation
of harvests
the end
referencing the end of barley and wheat harvests;
the harvest still existed; therefore
this is not the annihilation of harvests
he has finished
referencing eating and drinking;
they would eat and drink again;
therefore this is not the annihilation
of eating/drinking
he has settled
referencing settling a matter
will fail
referencing weeping
to end
concerning the fulfilling of prophecy
When he had finished
concerning the speaking of prophecy
As soon as he finished
referencing finishing the burnt offering
they are exterminated
referencing physical destruction ("fight"), not eternal
about when he had finished
referencing talking; it wasn't the last time
he talked; therefore not the annihilation
of talking
that he has decided
referencing determining to evil
has been decided
referencing determining to evil>
had finished
referencing David talking; he would talk again;
therefore not the annihilation of David talking
is plotted
or determined
referencing the determining of harm of another
had finished
referring to offering the burnt offerings
and the peace offerings
When you have finished
referencing a messenger telling news
As soon as he had finished
reference to Jonadab speaking; hr would
speak again; so this is not
the annihilation of him speaking again
longed
referencing David's desireto go out to Absalom
consumed
referring to physical destruction ("hang,"
2 Sam 21:6), not eternal
they were consumed
referring to physical destruction ("thrust them through,"
2 Sam 23:39), not eternal
as they finished
reference to eating; they would eat again;
therefore it is not the annihilation of eating
he had finished
reference to Solomon building his own house
and the house of the Lord and the wall
around Jerusalem
and finished
reference to Solomon budding the temple
and finished
reference to Solomon budding the temple
was finished
reference to Solomon finished building
the house
and he finished
reference to Solomon finished building
the house
finished
reference to Hiram finishing all his work
for Solomon
had finished
reference Solomon finishing his prayers
had finished
reference to Solomon building the house
of the Lord
shall not be exhausted
reference jar of flour shall not being spent

reference jug of oil no being empty

reference jar of flour not being spent;
neither the jug of oil becoming empty
they are consumed
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
about, as soon as he had finished
reference to burnt offering
you have destroyed
reference to physical death ("bow," "shoot,"
"arrow," "fight," "strike;" 2 Kings 13:15-18),
not eternal
you would have destroyed
reference to physical destruction ("bow," "shoot,"
"arrow," "fight;" "strike," 2 Kings 13:15-18),
not eternal
had finished
referencing David finishing the burnt offerings
and the peace offerings
but did not finish
reference Joab not finish the count
of Israel
is finished
reference all the work to be finished
finished
referencing Hiram finishing the work
Solomon gave him to do
had finished
reference consuming the burnt offering
finished
referencing Solomon finishing the house
of the Lord
had not destroyed
reference those not physically destroyed
it was finished
reference the work of Solomon being finished
they are consumed
referring to physical destruction, not eternal
and when they had finished
referring to physical destruction ("ambush,"
2 Chron 20:22), not eternal
they had finished
reference bringing their tax and
dropping into the chest
When they had finished
reference bringing their tax and
dropping into the chest
and finished
regarding consecration ot temple
was finished
regarding finishing the burnt offering
Now at the completion
regarding finishing the burnt offering
was completed
reference flaying the burnt offerings
was finished
referring to after the blessing
of the people
they had destroyed them all
references tearing down the high places
and finished
reference finishing piling up the heaps
in order to fulfill
reference the Word of God being fulfilled
Fzra 1:1
in order to fulfill
reference the Word of the Lord being fulfilled
had been completed
reference to after the burnt offering
and other things
of destruction
reference physical destruction, not eternal
They finished
referring to the finishing of the examination
of one another of the men who had
married foreign women
Can they finish
referring to finishing up in a day
had been determined
reference Haman thinking there
was intense harm toward him
hey come to an end
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
And come to an end
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
vanishes
clouds appear to vanish to the naked eye;
because their ice-type crystals go to a
gaseous state when they heat up
He destroys
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
will fail
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
will fail
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
faints
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
to fail
reference to going old and physical
death, not eternal
wastes away
reference to going old
They will end
reference completing one's days
in prosperity
they were consumed
reference overcoming physical enemies
is spent
reference life wasting away
They vanish
reference physical destruction, not eternal;
smoke appears to the eyes to disappear:
smoke is made of ash and drops of water;
ash cannot burn up; as smoke rises the water
evaporates and the ash mixes with the dust;
so ash and water continue to exist in
but in a different state (1 Cor 15:44, 53)
they vanish
reference physical destruction, not eternal;
smoke appears to the eyes to disappear:
smoke is made of ash and drops of water;
ash cannot burn up; as smoke rises the water
evaporates and the ash mixes with the dust;
so ash and water continue to exist in
but in a different state (1 Cor 15:44, 53)
I am perishing
reference being rebuked for sin (Psa 39:11),
physical destruction, not eternal
Destroy
reference the physical destruction of
enemies (Psa 59:10), not eternal
destroy
reference the physical destruction of
enemies (Psa 59:10), not eternal
fail
reference waiting on God to deliver
from enemies (Psa 69:4)
fails
reference to God not forsaking one
when they get up in years;
imprecation against enemies
consumed
reference asking God to deal with our accusers;
imprecation against enemies
are ended
reference the end of David's prayers
may fail
reference to person's strength and power
growing frail, but God's doesn't
destroy
reference imprecation against enemies;
up to and including physical death, not eternal
So he brought
reference the physical destruction of some;
secondary cause to other's
repentance (Psa 76:34; 2 Cor 7:10)
faints
reference to God's justice
For we have been consumed
reference to God's just anger for sin (Psa 90:7)
We have finished
reference to growing old
have been consumed
smoke appears to the eyes to disappear:
smoke is made of ash and drops of water
ash cannot burn up; as smoke rises the water
evaporates and the ash mixes with the dust;
so ash and water continue to exist in
different state (1 Cor 15:44, 53)
longing
reference to deliverance by God
Psa 199:92
longing
reference to longing for God's promises
destroyed
reference to the attacks of one's enemies
longing
reference to longing for God's promises
fails
reference to asking God for deliverance
if not, he may meet with physical death
are consumed
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
brings
reference bringing evil to come to pass
will perish
reference to the fact that evil will ultimately fail
will come to an end
reference to judgment of the unfaithful city;
physical death, not eternal
And he will destroy
reference to God's judgment on Assyria;
physical destruction, not eternal
will be spent
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
died
reference to dying grass
has ceased
reference the ceasing of destruction
will terminate
reference to glory of Kedar coming to an end
is done
reference end of grape harvest
consume
reference redemption of Israel
is consumed
regarding God's justice (Isa 26:5; 28:6, 17)
of them will come to an end
regarding Egypt; reference physical destruction,
not eternal
is ended
reference failing grape harvest
I have spent
reference using up one's strength
you have consumed
reference to physical destruction of some,
not eternal
is ended
reference end of summer
I have consumed
reference to scattering and killing with
the sword; physical destruction, not eternal
him and consumed
reference to the death of some of Israel
physical destruction, not eternal
fail
reference famine, sword, and pestilence;
physical destruction, not eternal
I am going to make an end
reference famine, sword, and pestilence;
physical destruction, not eternal
and come to an end
reference diseases, sword, famine;
physical destruction, not eternal
have been spent
reference spending days in shame
finished
reference to Jeremiah being finished speaking;
he would speak again, so not
the annihilation of speaking
had finished
reference to Jeremiah being finished speaking;
he would speak again, so not
the annihilation of speaking
they are completely gone
reference to sword and by famine;
physical destruction, not eternal
I have consumed
reference judgment on Edom with the sword:
physical destruction, not eternal
And as soon as you finish
reference the finishing reading of a book
fail
reference to weeping
consumed
reference physical destruction, not eternal
fail
reference God's unending mercies
has accomplished
reference judgment upon Israel
failed
reference to weariness
when thou hast accomplished
reference the things ordered by the Lord
you have completed
reference completing days of a siege
or be consumed
reference to being consumed by famine;
physical destruction, not eternal
will be spent
reference pestilence, famine, sword,
scattering (Ezek 5:12, 16-17); physical
destruction, not eternal
when I have spent
reference pestilence, famine, sword,
scattering (Ezek 5:12, 16-17); physical destruction, not eternal
Thus will I spend
reference pestilence, sword, famine (Isa 6:11-12);
physical destruction, not eternal
on you and spend
reference to judgment; physical destruction, not eternal
you will be consumed
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
Thus I will spend
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
on them, to accomplish
reference to see dying in the wilderness (Ezek 20:9-26);
physical destruction, not eternal
to consume
reference to see dying in the wilderness (Ezek 20:9-26);
physical destruction, not eternal
on them, to accomplish
reference to see dying in the wilderness (Ezek 20:9-26);
physical destruction, not eternal
on them; I have consumed
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
Now when he had finished
reference measuring the interior of the temple area
When you have finished
reference to purifying the altar
When they have completed
reference to the completion of days
accomplish
reference defeat of the kings of the
south and north; physical destruction ("sword and flame,
by captivity and plunder," Dan 11:33), not eternal
is finished
referencing end of the indignation of the king
and as soon as they finish
reference an end to power
will be completed
reference an end of certain wonders (Dan 12:6)
And will demolish
reference to physical destruction ("sword"), not eternal
it had finished
reference an end to eating
and consume
referencing God accomplishing his curse
are not consumed
regarding God's covenant promise;
he preserves a remnant
Hebrew word "charam" = may mean annihilate, but in context:
Text
Translation
Comments
shall be utterly destroyed
be accursed, anathematized, devoted to destruction,
as the word used signifies: the Targum of
Jonathan is, he shall be killed with the sword,
and his goods consumed, not only lose his life
but his substance, and so be destroyed in body and estate
he who has a disfigured
reference deformity
sets apart
reference to offerings
may have been set apart
reference to physical destruction, not eternal
then I will utterly destroy
anathematized them, and devoted them to destruction,
but did not literally conquer them until later (Josh 12:14),
and not all were killed (Josh 9:21)
then they utterly destroyed
anathematized them, and devoted them to destruction,
but did not literally conquer them until later (Josh 12:14),
and not all were killed (Josh 9:21)
and utterly destroyed
referring to physical destruction, not eternal
we utterly destroyed
referring to physical destruction, not eternal
destroyed
referring to physical destruction, not eternal
them, then you shall utterly destroy
clearly not everyone, as they were commanded
"not intermarry with them" (Deut 7:3)
destroy
clearly not everyone, as they were commanded
"not intermarry with them" (Deut 7:3)
utterly destroying
referring to physical destruction ("sword"), not eternal
But you shall utterly
referring to physical destruction, not eternal
destroy
referring to physical destruction, not eternal
you utterly destroyed
referring to physical destruction, not eternal
that you do not covet
referring to physical destruction, not eternal
They utterly destroyed
referring to physical destruction (sword"), not eternal
he had utterly destroyed
referring to physical destruction, not eternal;
hanged the king of Ai and threw his body at the
gate of the city (Josh 8:29)
and had utterly destroyed
referring to Ai and Jericho; referring to physical destruction,
not eternal
he utterly destroyed
referring to physical destruction ("sword"), not eternal
and he utterly destroyed
referring to physical destruction ("sword," Josh 10:37),
not eternal
And he utterly destroyed
referring to physical destruction ("sword"), not eternal
and utterly destroyed
referring to physical destruction ("sword"), not eternal
but he utterly destroyed
struck them with the "edge of the sword" (Josh 10:39, 41),
referring to physical destruction,
not eternal
utterly destroying
referring to physical destruction ("sword"), not eternal
utterly destroyed
referring to physical destruction ("sword"), not eternal
that he might utterly destroy
referring to physical destruction ("in battle"), not eternal
utterly destroyed
referring to physical destruction ("in battle," Josh 11:20),
not eternal
Judge 1:17
and utterly destroyed
referring to physical destruction ("defeated"), not eternal
Judge 21:11
you shall utterly destroy
referring only to males and women who were not virgins;
referring to physical destruction
,not eternal
and utterly destroy
referring to physical destruction
("sword," 1 Sam 15:8), not eternal
and utterly destroyed
referring to physical destruction ("sword"), not eternal
to destroy
Saul disobeyed and "did not" utterly destroy them
"did not" destroy Agag, etc.
them utterly
Saul disobeyed and "did not" utterly destroy them
"did not" destroy Agag, etc.
we have utterly destroyed
referring to physical destruction, not eternal
and utterly destroy
referring to physical destruction ("fight against
them) until they are consumed"),
not eternal
and have utterly destroyed
referring to physical destruction, not eternal
to destroy utterly
"were unable to devote to destruction"
referring to physical destruction,
not eternal
destroying them completely
referring to physical destruction, not eternal
and destroyed them utterly
referring to physical destruction, not eternal
destroying
referring to physical destruction ("all helped to destroy
one another"), not eternal
utterly destroyed
referring to physical destruction, not eternal
should be forfeited
reference forfeiture of property
will utterly destroy
destroy the tongue of the Egyptian sea;
illusion to Red Sea
He has utterly destroyed
referring to the judgment of last day; continuous
destruction in Hell (Isa 14:15-16; 66:24;
Luke 13:28; 16:9-31)
destroying them completely.
referring to physical destruction, not eternal
and I will utterly destroy
"an everlasting desolation" (Jer 25:29)
and utterly destroy
judgment is uttered against Babylon;
"Merathaim" and Pekod" are puns on
Babylonian place-names (Marratu, Puqudu)
And utterly destroy
judgment is uttered against Babylon
destroy utterly
judgment is uttered against Babylon
and annihilate
"many," and not "all" to destruction
beat in pieces many peoples
"many," and not "all." God is looking with
disdainful laughter at heir puny efforts to
overthrow the ruler he has established.

Hebrew word "balaq" = may mean annihilate, but in context:

Text
Translation

Comments
devastates
make the earth desolate
desolation
Destruction of Nineveh
Some lived; Nah 2:7

Anchor of Life Fellowship , Sebab karena kasih karunia kamu diselamatkan oleh iman; itu bukan hasil usahamu, tetapi pemberian Allah, itu bukan hasil pekerjaanmu: jangan ada orang yang memegahkan diri - Efesus 2:8-9